Nelson Mandela and the South African Indian Congress

The rise of the Apartheid became a prominent force of oppression in South Africa during the 1910s (History.com). The years after World War II brought an increase of western economic expansion (Marks). Gold mining and the trade of cash crops not only strengthened globalization among the western world but also further enforced racial segregation as

The Pluriarc and Queen Nzinga: A Criticism on bias research

The image above displays the pluriarc, a string instrument that originated within the Atlantic coast of Africa, having a major presence in Gabon, Congo, Namibia, Botswana and especially, Angola (Budasz 5). The pluriarc is typically made of wood and has a concave shape, explaining the plucking gestures one must make to play the instrument, resembling

Queen Nzinga

The most common portrait of Nzinga Mbande (Queen of Angola) dates back to 1800, approximately 140 years after her death. Despite being published decades after her reign, the black and white portrait captures Nzinga as her kingdom of Ndongo-Matamba saw her: a freedom fighter. Through her strong posture and serious facial expression, Nzinga is depicted